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TOOLS FOR FORMATTING & MANAGING CITATIONS

Citation management tools enable researchers to capture bibliographic information about research materials, create bibliographies, create and manage a database of citations, abstracts, and links for documents used for research; export citations/abstracts from research databases and import them, and format bibliographies in a variety of citation styles; plus more.

Endnote, Mendeley,Zotero, and Reference Manager are types of bibliographic management software that aid researchers in managing references and creating bibliographies.

Currently EndNote X9 installed in all the PCs located inside HSCL Administration third floor.
WHEN TO CITE?
When writing a research paper, you need to provide a citation for every resource you use to compile your research.
If you refer to the ideas from a specific article within the context of your paper, you need to provide a Reference Manager, endnoteor in-text citation (depending on citation style) to the article andyou must also include the fullcitation for the journal article in your Works Cited / Bibliography page.

Even if you just used a particular book or web site for background research, you should include it in your Works Cited page.


Comparison of the products and features

 

Endnote

Mendeley

Zotero

RefWorks

Ease of use

Harder to learn initially 

Easy to use

Easy to use

Moderate level

Cost

License

Free (for first 2GB)

Free

Free

Institutional access

Yes

Yes - create an account then upgrade 

N/A

Yes

Currently supported by the Library

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Library training available

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Open source

No

No

Yes

No

Operating system

Windows, Mac

Windows, Linux,
MAC not recommended * doesn't support OS after 10.13 (High Sierra)
Mendeley Desktop does not support macOS 11 Big Sur. If you choose to upgrade to macOS 11 Big Sur you may be unable to install or access Mendeley Desktop.

Windows, Mac, Linux

Windows, Mac (Write-N-Cite not yet available) 

Browser

N/A

Internet Explorer, Firefox, Chrome, Safari

Firefox, Chrome, Edge.
Safari version 13 onwards in beta

Internet Explorer, Firefox, Safari, 

Work offline

Desktop (yes), Web (no)

Yes

Yes

Yes (old version)

Maximum number of records per folder

Unlimited

Limited only by storage

30,000

Unlimited

Folder levels

2

Multiple 

Multiple

2

Number of source types

45

20

33

31

Support of special characters

No

Yes

Yes

Yes (old version)

Link to PDFs

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes (old version)

Work with word processor to create formatted bibliographies, in-text citations and footnotes

Yes
(Word, Pages)

Yes
(Word, Libre Office, Open Office) 

Yes (Word, Libre Office, Open Office, Google Docs) 

Yes (old version)
Yes (new version Word, Google Docs)

Number of referencing styles available

Over 6000

Over 9000

over 9000

Over 3000

Can create a formatted list of charts, figures etc. 

Yes

No

No

No

Collaboration features

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes  

Sharing references

Difficult

Yes

Yes

Yes

Mobile device applications

iOS

iOS, Android

Possible with add ons

 

Export to BibTeX

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Ease of use in ShareLaTeX

Possible but difficult

Easy integration

Easy integration

 

Languages available

Language set from operating system settings

50 available

Language set from operating system settings

English, Spanish, French, German, Japanese, Korean, Chinese

Attachment storage

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes (limited)

Spell-check

Yes

No

No 

No

Duplicate detection

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Field searching

Yes, author

Yes

Yes - plain text and RegEx searching

Yes, selected

Save search strategies 

Yes, desktop

No

Yes

Yes

Can you edit/create styles

Yes, desktop

Must edit Citation Style Language file

Must edit Citation Style Language file

Must edit Citation Style Language file

Create a subject bibliography

Yes, desktop

Yes

Yes

No

Importing citations from:

 

~ library databases

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

library catalogue

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

from websites

No

Yes

Yes

No


Which Citation System Should I Use?
The best answer to this question is to always ask your instructors which style they prefer. There are many style manuals in use. The most common systems are generally (but not exclusively!) used as follows:
  • MLA Style: English and the Humanities
  • APA Style: Psychology and the Social Sciences
  • Chicagob A (Notes): History and the Humanities
  • Chicago B (Author-Date): Physical, Natural, and Social Sciences , such as education, commerce and nursing.
  • CSE: biology and other sciences

Citation issues to be aware of:
You are responsible for the accuracy of all citations used in your assignments. Check all of your citations carefully. You may need to edit the citation format.

Pay particular attention to the format for citations retrieved through online databases (such as Academic Search or JSTOR). In many citation styles (such as MLA) you must note the database from which you retrieved a source, as well as the date accessed. That information may not automatically export from the database into the citation manager.


Other methods for locating instructions for authors:

Check the following instructions for authors web sites:

Check the publisher's web site. Publishers often provide a standard set of instructions for authors.